NetworkManager please, stay away from my docker0

To set a list of unmanaged-devices you can just do the following.

cat >> /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf <<EOF




sudo nmcli connection reload

Strangely I had to put this in NetworkManager.conf. Using
/etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/20-unmanaged-bridges.conf didn’t work.

Firewalld to your jboss container

When you dockerize your jboss, the expose directive (luckily) doesn’t open firewall ports.

On Fedora20 you need to update your firewalld configuration:

 1- add one or more services to /etc/firewalld/zones/public.xml
 2- define ports in   /etc/firewalld/services/eap6-standalone.xml

  <port port="8080" protocol="tcp" />

  # restorecon -R /etc/firewalld/

  #firewall-cmd --reload

routes made easy

The legacy routes configuration on RH-like was ugly and error prone. You had to compile files like the following:

# route-eth0

You had to preserve enumeration and evaluate netmasks. This was probably due to the usage of route script, which synopsis is

route add -net $ADDRESS0 netmask $NETMASK0 gw $GATEWAY0

The “new” iproute2 suite allows a new format of route files, compatible with the route dumping.

#route-eth0 via dev eth0 via dev eth0

At this point it’s easy to create our route-ethX files starting from the #ip route; output.

#ip route list scope global | grep -- eth0 | grep -v 'default' > route-eth0

In this case we filtered out two kind of entries:
* the default gateway, that could be managed via DHCP or other means like /etc/sysconfig/network:GATEWAY
* non global scope routes, like the ones set by #ip; when assigning addresses.

#man ip |less +/rt_scope


#ip -4 -o a list eth2; # show the ip
8: eth2    inet brd scope global eth2

#ip route | grep eth2 # show all eth2-related routes dev eth2  proto kernel  scope link  src    #scope link! via dev eth2 

Sshh… and See Linux – authorized keys

ssh-copy-id doesn’t really work ootb with root user and SeLinux enabled.

Tailing the audit.log we’ll see that sshd – being in the ssh_t context – can’t read() the authorized_keys file – which is in

type=AVC msg=audit(1354703208.714:285): avc: denied { read } for pid=9759 comm="sshd"
name="authorized_keys" dev=dm-0 ino=17461

Checking with ls -Z we found that DAC permissions are ok, but the MAC are not:
-rw-------. root root unconfined_u:object_r:admin_home_t:s0 authorized_keys

Despite messing with audit2allow to modify policies, we just need to run:

# restorecon -v -R .ssh/

This will search in the already provided selinux policies and set the right fcontext for the given path.

To list the involved policies:

#semanage fcontext -l | grep ssh

Improve your iSCSI performance using jumbo frames

What are jumbo frames? Jumbo frames are ethernet frames with more than 1500 bytes of payload. Conventionally, jumbo frames can carry up to 9000 bytes of payload, but variations exist and some care must be taken when using the term.

Why use jumbo frames? Enabling them on your network equipment and on your NICs you will experiment a performance boost specially with iSCSI protocol that works over a standard ethernet network.

Implementation of Jumbo frames must be done with some rules:

  • Same MTU for all server present in the network
  • Network card must support a MTU over 1500
  • Switch must support a MTU over 1500
  • Switch must support a MTU over 1500 on a VLAN

How to enable jumbo frames on RHEL/CentOS? Enabling jumbo frames on linux is really simple: edit the NIC configuration and append MTU=9000.

Don’t forget to enable them also on your switch/router!

# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-script/ifcfg-<your_nic> # ex. eth0


Then restart the single interface…

ifdown eth0; ifup eth0

…or the entire network service

service network restart

After all verify that the new configuration has been correctly applied:

# ifconfig eth0

If the configuration is ok you will see a response like this:

eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
inet addr:x.x.x.x  Bcast:x.x.x.x  Mask:x.x.x.x

If you’re using bonding, you need to enable jumbo frames only on bond device configuration:

# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-script/ifcfg-bond0


Do you know iSCSI?

Internet SCSI (iSCSI) is a network protocol that allows you to use of the SCSI protocol over TCP/IP networks. It’s good alternative to Fibre Channel-based SANs. You can easily manage, mount and format iSCSI volumes under Linux.

Definitions: the iSCSI Target is the server that hosts and exports volumes to the clients. The iSCSI Initiator is the client that use the configured volumes.

On the server you need to install this package, start the related service and ensure that it starts on boot:

# yum -y install scsi-target-utils

# service tgtd start

# chkconfig tgtd on

On the client side you need to install this package, start the related service and ensure that it starts on boot:

# yum -y install iscsi-initiator-utils

# service iscsid start

# chkconfig iscsid on

Now configure your LUNs on the target:

# vim /etc/tgt/targets.conf

This is a basic configuration for target:

<target iqn.yyyy-mm.reverse-hostname:label>

# use backing-store to export a specific volume…

backing-store /dev/vol_group_name/logical_volume_name

# …or use direct-store to export the entire device

# direct-store /dev/sdb


Don’t forget to restart the tgtd service after a configuration update:

# service tgtd restart

Now it’s time to check if your LUNs are being exported correctly. The next command will show two LUNs for each target. The first one (LUN 0) is the controller, the second one (LUN 1) is your volume. Run this command on the target:

# tgtadm –lld iscsi –op show –mode target

Remember to enable iSCSI ports on iptables in order to accept connection on port 3260 for both TCP and UDP protocols!

Ok, your target is now fully configured. You can logon on your client and start to use the remote storage. On the client run these commands to show the exported volumes and login to them:

iscsiadm -m discovery -t sendtargets -p target_ipaddress

iscsiadm -m node -T target_name_iqn -p target_ipaddress –login

Now restart the iscsid service, use fdisk to show the mounted device on /dev and create partitions on it.

If you need to detach from the target you have to logout from it:

iscsiadm -m node -T target_name_iqn -p target_ipaddress –logout